The Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) is a government-run program in the
United States provides health insurance coverage to children from low-income
families who are not eligible for Medicaid. CHIP was created in 1997 as part of the
Balanced Budget Act and has been reauthorized several times since then.
The program provides comprehensive health coverage, including doctor visits,
immunizations, prescriptions, dental and vision care, and hospitalizations. CHIP is jointly
funded by the federal government and the states, and each state has its own eligibility
requirements and benefits package.
To be eligible for CHIP, a child must be under the age of 19 and a U.S. citizen or a legal
permanent resident. The child’s family must meet income and other eligibility criteria set
by the state. In most states, children in families with incomes up to 200% of the federal
poverty level (FPL) are eligible for CHIP. Some states have expanded eligibility to higher
CHIP has been successful in reducing the number of uninsured children in the United
States. According to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), the
uninsured rate for children in the U.S. dropped from 13.9% in 1997 to 4.9% in 2019, in
part due to the availability of CHIP.
how does it work
CHIP works by providing health insurance coverage to children from low-income families
who are not eligible for Medicaid. The program is jointly funded by the federal
government and the states, and each state has its own eligibility requirements and
To enroll in CHIP, families must first determine if their child is eligible for the program
based on their state’s criteria. This typically involves filling out an application and
providing documentation of the child’s citizenship or legal residency status, as well as the
family’s income and other eligibility factors.
Once a child is enrolled in CHIP, they will receive comprehensive health coverage,
including doctor visits, immunizations, prescriptions, dental and vision care, and
hospitalizations. The specific benefits and coverage may vary depending on the state’s
The cost of CHIP varies by state, but most families are required to pay some form of
premium or copay for their child’s coverage. However, the cost is typically much lower
than private insurance and is often based on a sliding scale according to the family’s
Overall, CHIP provides an important safety net for children from low-income families who
might otherwise be unable to afford adequate healthcare. By providing comprehensive
health coverage, the program helps ensure that children have access to the care they
need to stay healthy and thrive.
What is the purpose of CHIP?
The purpose of the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) is to provide health
insurance coverage to children from low-income families who might not otherwise have
access to affordable healthcare. The program aims to improve the health outcomes of
children by ensuring that they receive timely and appropriate medical care, including
preventative care such as vaccinations, check-ups, and dental and vision care.
CHIP was created in 1997 to address the growing number of uninsured children in the
United States. The program is designed to provide coverage to children who do not
qualify for Medicaid but whose families cannot afford private insurance. By providing
affordable health coverage, CHIP helps ensure that children have access to the care they
need to grow and develop into healthy adults.
In addition to improving health outcomes for children, CHIP also has broader societal
benefits. When children have access to preventative care and early treatment for
illnesses, they are less likely to require costly emergency care and hospitalizations. This
can help reduce healthcare costs and improve the overall health of communities.
Overall, the purpose of CHIP is to improve the health and well-being of low-income
children by providing them with access to comprehensive health coverage.